An Introduction to The Royal Swedish Army in WWII

Ingólfur Björgvinsson

ingo@fiton.is

Like the Swiss, the Swedish military system, rests on the militia system. And like the Swiss, Swedens neutrality is well over a century old. The last war fought by the Swedish Army was in 1814 although volunteers from its ranks has on number of occasions fought at the side of fellow Scandinavians against much stronger and powerfull neightbours. This happened in Finland 1939-40 and also in Danmark 1848 and 1864.

After the first world war Swedens armed forces were allowed to sink to a very low period of preperdness. In 1924 conscription was reduced to four months and only raised again in 1936 following growing international tension.

In April 1940 Swedens entire force of 400.000 men was put on full alert. A newly formed national goverment was formed, conscription was increased to 450 days and the armed forces streinght was incresed to 600.000 men, not including civilians who were formed into home guard, aircraft observer and various auxilary units.

In 1940 the Swedish Army was organized into five Military Areas (MILO); Sodra (South) Vestra (Western) Norra (Northern) Ovre Nordland (Upper Nordland) Ostra (Eastern). The streinght of each MILO in early 1940 was as follows:

MILO        Div HQ      Reg HQ      InfBat     CavBat     ArtDiv *

Sodra        -           2            8         1            3
Vestra       2           6           18         2            3
Norra        -           1            2         -            -
Ovra Norrl.  -           1            5         -            -
Ostra        -           1            2         1            -
* Note: Artilleri Divison is a three battery unit of between 20 and 30 guns.

Order of Battle 1940

I6 stands for 6 Infantry Regiments and A3 for 3 Artillery Regiments. Two Corps HQ
I. Div. (Fordeling) I6, I11, I16, A3
II. Div. I5, I13, I21, A4
III. Div. I9, I15, I17, A2
IV. Div. I3, I8, I10, A5
V. Div I4, I12, I20, A5

One Cavalry Brigade

Corps units. I1, I2, I7, I14

Various special units

Order of Battle 1941

Three Corps HQ
I. Div. I6, I11, I12, A3
II. Div. I5, I21, I35. A4
III. Div. I15, I16, I17, A2
IV. Div. I4, I8, I31, A5
XI. Div. I37, I41, I42, A23
XII. Div.I14, I44, I51, A24
XIII. Div. I45, I46, I47, A22
XIV. Div. I33, I34, I38, A21
XV.Div. I19, I20, I50, A5
XVII. Div. I2, I3, I13, A25

8. Motorized Brigade (3 Motorized Bat.)

Corps Units I1, I7, I9, I10, I43

Various special units.

Further listed as raised in 1941 are two more motor brigades, three armoured brigades, three bicycle brigades and four jager brigades.

Order of battle late summer/autum 1944

I. MILO (Military Area) HQ in Kristianstad, Generalmajor Ernst af Klercker.

I6 Norra Skanska Infanteriregimente (bicycle), Kristianstad
I7 Sodra Skanska Infanteriregimente (motorized), Ystsad and Revinghed
I11 Kronenbergs Regimente, Vaxjo
I12 Jonkopings-Kalmar Regimente, Jonkoping
P2 Skanska pansarregimente (tank reg.), Halsingborg
A3 Wendes Artilleriregimente (motorized),Kristianstad
A6 Smalands Artilleriregimente (motorized), Jonkoping
Lv4 Skanska Luftvarnskaren (AA unit), Malmo
Ing2 Gota Ingenjorkar (Engeneer unit)
S1K One Company Signalregimente, Kristianstad
T4 Skanska Trangkaren (Service unit) Hasselholm
Eight Defence Area HQ, Fo11, Fo12, Fo13, Fo14, Fo15, Fo16, Fo17 and Fo18

II. MILO. HQ in Ostersund, Generalmajor Henry Tottle.

I5 Jamtlands Feltjagerregimente (Jagers), Ostersund
I14 Helsinge Regimente, Gavle
I21 Vesternorrland Regimente, Solleftea
A4 Norrlands Artilleriregimente, Ostersund
Lv5 Sundsvalla Luftvarnskar (AA unit), Sundsvall
T3 Norrlands Trangkar (Service unit) Solleftea
Four Defence Area HQ, Fo 21, Fo22, Fo23 and Fo24

III.MILO. HQ in Skovde. Generalmajor Folke Hogberg.

I15 Alveborgs Regimente, Boras
I16 Hallands Regimente (bicycle), Halmstad
I17 Bohus Regimente, Uddevalla
K3 Livregimentets husarer (Guard Hussars), Skovde
P4 Skaragorgs Panserregimente (tank reg.), Skovde
A2 Gota Artilleriregimente, Goteborg
Lv1 Karlsborg Luftvarnregimente (AA reg.), Karlsborg
Lv6 Goteborg Luftvarnkar (AA unit) Goteborg
S1Sk One Company Signalregimente, Skovde
T2 Gota Trangkar (Service unit), Skovde, one company in Nora
Tyg2 2.Tygkompaniet (support company), Karlaborg
Int2 2. Intendenturkompaniet (supply company), Karlaborg
Five Defence Area HQ, Fo31, Fo32, Fo33, Fo34 and Fo35

IV.MILO. HQ in Stockholm, Generalmajor Axel Rappe

I1 Svea Livgarde (Guards Regiment, bicycle), Stockholm
I4 Livgrenadjagerregimente (Grenadier Guards Regiment, bicycle), Linkoping
I8 Upplands Regimente, Uppsala
K1 Livregimentet til hest (Horse Guards), Stockholm
P1 Gota Pansarlivgarde (Guards Armoured Regiment), Enkoping, one company in Gotland
P3 Sodermansland Pansarregimente (tank reg.), Strangnas
A1 Svea Artilleriregimente, Stockholm
Lv2 Ostergota Luftvarnsregimente (AA reg.), Linkoping
Lv3 Stockholms Luftvarnsregimente (AA reg.), Stockholm, one battery in Visby
IngI Svea Ingenjorskar (Eng. unit), Solna
S1 Signalregiment, main part, Solna
T1 Svea Trangkar (service unit), Solna
Tyg1 1.Tygkompaniet (support company), Stockholm
Int1 1. Intendenturkompaniet (supply company), Stockholm
Seven Defence Area HQ, Fo41, Fo42, Fo43, Fo44 (Stocholm), Fo45, Fo46, Fo46 and Fo47

V. MILO. HQ in Karlstad, Generalmajor Gustaf Dyrssen

I2 Varmaland Regimente (bicycle), Karlstad
I3 Livregimentets Grenadjagere (Guards reg.), Orebro
I13 Dalregimentet, Falun
A9 Bergslagens Artilleriregimente (motorized), Kristinehamn
T2N One company from Gota Trangkar (service unit), Nora
Four Defence Area HQ, Fo51, Fo52, Fo53 and Fo54

VI. MILO. HQ in Boden, Generalmajor Nils Rosenblad

I19 Norrbottens Regimente, Boden
I19K One Ski Bat. from I19 in Kiruna
I20 Vestbottens Regimente Umea
K4 Norrland Dragonregimente (Cavalry), Umea
A5 Norrbottens Artillerikar, Boden
A8 Bodens Artilleriregimente (fortress) Boden
Lv7 Lulea Luftvarnsregimente (AA reg.), Lulea
Ing3 Bodens Ingenjorkar (Eng. unit), Boden
S1B S1Sk One Company Signalregimente, Boden
Tyg3 3.Tygkompaniet (support company), Boden
Int3 3. Intendenturkompaniet (Supply company), Boden
Seven Defence Area HQ, Fo61, Fo62, Fo63, Fo64 , Fo65, Fo66 and Fo67

VII. MILO. HQ in Visby, Generalmajor Samuel Akerhielm

I18 Gotlands Infanteriregimente (bicycle), Visby
A7 Gotlands Artillerikar (motorized Art.unit), Visby
P1G One Tank Company from Gota Pansarlivgarde (Guards Armoured Regiment), Visby
Lv3G One Battery from Stockholms Luftvarnsregimente (AA reg.), Visby

The Infantry Division

The Swedish Regiments were organized into Divisions that seems mostly to have been an administrativ formation. Howerver the formation excisted and would have fought as an unit if needed. The few offensive operations planned by the Swedes called for Divisions under a Corps HQ.

Example of a Division organization:

   VIII. Division 1.10.1940 (renumbered on 2.7.1941 XIV.Div.)

      VIII. Divisional staff

         I31 Infantry Regiment
            Reg.HQ with 13. and 14. Company
               I.Bat.
               II.Bat.
               III.Bat.

         I35 Infantry Regiment
            Reg.HQ with 13. and 14. Company
               I.Bat.
               II.Bat.
               III.Bat.

         I36 Infantry Regiment
            Reg.HQ with 13. and 14. Company
               I.Bat.
               II.Bat.
               III.Bat.=20

         A13 Artillery Regiment
            Reg.HQ=20
               I.Div.
               II.Div.
               III.Div. =20
Example of a Corps organization:

2. Army Corps in Northern Sweden 12.12.1939

   Corps HQ

      Corps units
         II.and VI.Cavalry battalions K4 Norrlands Dragonregiment
         I.20 Vasterbottens Regiment
         I.19 Norrbottens Regiment

      VI.Div.
         I5 Jamtlands Faltjagerregiment
         I13 Dalregimentet
         I21 Vasternorrland regiment

      V.Div.(in reserve)
         I4 Livgrenadjagerregimente
         I12 Jonkopings-Kalmar Regiment
An artillery Battalion was attached to each Infantry Regiment.

Note that the VI.Division is called the II.Division in 1940.

The Infantry Regiment

The regiment was the building block of the Swedish Army. They were sometimes organized into Divisions but more often they seem to have served under the control of Defance Areas (Forsvarsomrade) several of these controled by Military Areas (Militaromrade or MILO) numbered I - VII.

At the start of WWII regiments of the Royal Swedish Army was undergoing a number of changes. That means that different organizations existed at the same time making things a little complex. The regiments were updated one after another in no special order. Basicly there were three different organizations of regiments named after the year they were suposed to have taken effect; 1937, 1940 and 1943. It seems thats the 1937 org. was ordered in 1925 to be completed in '37 and the 1940 org ordered in 1937 to be competed in 1940. In reality the 1937 org. seems not to have been completed until 1940 when some regiments had allready started ot convert to the 1940 org.

In 1940 a new modified organization was ordered for the army, the 43M org. calling for more modern weapons in an effort to increase units firepower. The idea was that all units would have completed this reorganization in 1943. This propably didn't start to take effect until 1942.

Infantry Reginment 1937 org.

 Regimental HQ

      Stabskompanie (HQ Company) incl a section of two motorcycles for liasons.

         AAMG Platoon Four to six twin-mount m/14 or m/36 AAMGs on tripods

         AT Platoon Two 37mm Bofors m/38 AT guns

         Regimental Mortar Platoon Four 80mm m/29 mortars with forward observer

      Trangkompanie (Service Company), divited into combat service 
                    (ammo, streachers etc.) and baggage service 
                    (baggage,food etc) as in the Battalions.

    I. Battalion
       HQ (incl a Service Company divited into combat service (ammo,
           streachers etc.) and baggage service (baggage, food etc).
          1. Gevaerskompani
          2. Gevaerskompani
          3. Gevaerskompani
          4. Gevaerskompani
          5. Kulsprutekompani (MG Company)

    II. Batttalion
       HQ (see above)
          6. Gevaerskompani
          7. Gevaerskompani
          8. Gevaerskompani
          9. Gevaerskompani
         10. Kulsprutekompani (MG Company)

   III. Battalion
        HQ  (see above)
        11. Gevaerskompani
        12. Gevaerskompani
        13. Gevaerskompani
        14. Gevaerskompani
        15. Kulsprutekompani (MG Company)

The Rifle Company (Gevaerskompani)

    HQ incl. 2 one-horse ammo carts, a two-horse kitchen wagon 
       and a two horse baggage wagon.

       Four Platoons each of:
          Platoon Officer
          Platoon NCO
          2 Runners

          Four sections of:
             Section Leader, 6,5mm m/96 Mauser Rifle
             Assistant Section Leader, 6,5mm m/96 Mauser Rifle
             Private. 6,5mm m/21 Automatic Rifle (later m/37 when available)
             9 Privates, 6,5mm m/96 Mauser Rifles

The MG Company (Kulsprutekompani)

    HQ incl 2 one-horse ammo carts, a two-horse kitchen wagon 
       and a two horse baggage wagon.

       Three MG Platoons each of two sections of two MGs m/14 or m/36

Infantry Reginment 1940 org.

 Regimental HQ

      Stabskompanie (HQ Company)
         One section of two motorcycles for liasons

         AAMG platoon Six twin-mount m/14 or m/36 AAMGs on tripods

         AT platoon Four 37mm Bofors m/38 AT guns

         Regimental Mortar Platoon 
            Two sections of two 80mm m/29 mortars with forward observer

       Trangkompanie (Service Company), divited into combat service 
                     (ammo, streachers etc.) and baggage service 
                     (baggage, food etc) as in the Battalions.

    I. Battalion

       HQ (incl a Service Company divited into combat service 
          (ammo, streachers etc.) and baggage service (baggage, food etc).
       1. Skyttekompani   =20
       2. Skyttekompani
       3. Skyttekompani
       4. Jagerkompani
       5. Kulsprutekompani (MG Company)

   II. Batttalion
       HQ (see above)
       6. Skyttekompani
       7. Skyttekompani
       8. Skyttekompani
       9. Jagerkompani
      10. Kulsprutekompani (MG Company)

  III. Battalion
       HQ  (see above)
       11. Skyttekompani
       12. Skyttekompani
       13. Skyttekompani
       14. Jagerkompani
       15. Kulsprutekompanie (MG Company)

The Infantry Company (Skyttekompani)

    HQ incl. 2 one-horse ammo carts, a two-horse kitchen wagon 
       and a two horse baggage wagon.

    Three Platoons each of:
          Platoon Officer
          Platoon NCO
          2 Runners

             Four sections of:
                Section Leader, 6,5mm m/96 Mauser Rifle or m/37-39 SMG
                Assistant Section Leader, 6,5mm m/96 Mauser Rifle
                Private. 6,5mm m/37 Automatic Rifle
                9 Privates, 6,5mm m/96 Mauser Rifles

   One Weapons Platoon each of one MG section of one MG (m/14 or m/36) 
                       and one mortar section of one 47mm mortar

The Jager Company (Jagerkompanie, used for scouting and patroling)

    HQ incl. 2 one-horse ammo carts, a two-horse kitchen wagon 
       and a two horse baggage wagon.

       Four Platoons each of:
          Platoon Officer
          Platoon NCO
          2 Runners

             four sections of:
                Section Leader, 6,5mm m/96 Mauser Rifle or m/37-39 SMG
                Assistant Section Leader, 6,5mm m/96 Mauser Rifle
                Private. 6,5mm m/37 Automatic Rifle
                9 Privates, 6,5mm m/96 Mauser Rifle

The MG Company (Kulsprutekompani)

      HQ incl 2 one-horse ammo carts, a two-horse kitchen wagon 
         and a two horse baggage wagon

      Three MG Platoons each of two sections of two MGs m/14 or m/36

Infantry Reginment 1943M org.

 Regimental HQ

    Stabskompanie incl supply and service units


    13.Kulsprutekompani (MG Company)
        HQ
           Three MG Platoons each of two sections of two MGs m/36

    14.Specialkompani (Heavy Weapons Company)
        HQ
           AT platoon 6 37mm Bofors m/38 AT guns

           AAMG platoon Four twin-mount m/14 or m/36 AAMGs on tripods

           Pioneer Platoon incl 5 Flamethrowers '43 and later

           Heavy Mortar platoon Three 120mm m/41 mortars with 
                  forward observer (after april '43)

           AA/AT autocannon platoon* (in '43) Four 20mm Bofors Lv/Pv m/40 AA/AT 
                 autocannons, issued with tripod for AA role

    I. Battalion
       HQ incl. one Jager Platoon
       1. Skyttekompanie
       2. Skyttekompanie
       3. Skyttekompanie
       4. Tung Kompanie (Heavy Company)

   II. Batttalion
       HQ incl. one Jager Platoon
       5. Skyttekompanie
       6. Skyttekompanie
       7. Skyttekompanie
       8. Tung Kompanie (Heavy Company)

  III. Battalion

       HQ incl. one Jager Platoon
       9. Skyttekompanie
      10. Skyttekompanie
      11. Skyttekompanie
      12. Tung Kompanie (Heavy Company)
Note. All supply wagons and ammo carts are now found in the Battalion and Regimental HQ.

The Infantry Company (Skyttekompanie)

    HQ incl. 2 one-horse ammo carts, a two-horse kitchen wagon 
       and a two horse baggage wagon.

       4 Platoons (from '43 all platoons had one 20mm AT rifle)
          Platoon Officer
          Platoon NCO
          2 Runners

          4 rifle sections
             Section Leader, m/37-39 SMG
             Assistant Section Leader, 6,5mm m/96 Mauser Rifle 
                                or m/37-39 SMG after april '43
             Private. 6,5mm m/37 Automatic Rifle
             7 Privates, 6,5mm m/96 Mauser Rifles or two may have 
                         m/42* autorifles after april '43

             Section was issued with one wirecutter, two axes and six shovels.

          one light mortar section of one 47mm mortar, 
              possibly with platoon HQ.

    (*Note that there were a autorifle (ag) and a machine gun (ksp) 
      with the m/42 designation.)

   One Weapons Platoon each of one MG section of two MGs m/36 or 
                       m/42 (aircooled) after april '43 
                       and one mortar section of one 80mm m/29 mortar

The Heavy Company (Tung Kompanie)

    HQ
       Mortar Platoon Two sections of two 80mm m/29 mortars

       AA/AT Platoon Four 20mm Bofors Lv/Pv m/40 AA/AT autocannons, 
          issued with tripod for AA role

       MG Section Two m/36 MGs=20
All officers were mounted (Company and above). Some regiments were issued with bicycles. In winter wagons were supposed to be replaced with sleds and all men issued with skis.

Some infantry weapons issued:

6.5mm Mauser m/96 Rifles, 6.5mm AG m/42 selfloading rifle (10 round mag.), Model 1931 verion of the Finnish Suomi SMG, 6.5 m/37 Swedish verion of the American Browning Automatic Rifle (BAR). Husqvarna Vapenfabriks AB produced the m/40 verion of the Finnish 9mm Lahti pistol and the m/07 Browning pistol. Hand grenades were of German (stick) design.

MGs were watercooled 6.5mm m/14 and m/38. A 8mm version of the m/38 was also in use. The m/42 was aircooled.

The m/42 ATR issued to infantry platoons in 1943 was a Recoiless Rifle firing solid AP rounds.

The Regiment had in 1937:

  3800 men
  560 horses
  156 wagons
  153 light wagons
  1 staff car
  38 MG's
  6 AAMG's
  15 Mortars (80mm)
  2 AT guns (37mm Bofors)
In 1940:
  3600 men
  504 horses
  21 wagons
  243 light wagons
  3 staff car
  60 trucks
  42 MG's
  21 Mortars (47mm and 80mm)
  4 AT guns (37mm Bofors)
In 1942
   36 MG's
   6 AA MG's
  27 47mm mortars
  18 80mm mortars
   3 102mm mortars
   6 AT guns (37mm Bofors)
   Some SMGs for special missions
In 1943
   42 MG's
   5 AA MG's
  35 47mm mortars
  18 80mm mortars
   3 102mm mortars
   6 AT guns (37mm Bofors)
   546 SMGs
   5 Flamethrowers
   36 AT rifles
The 43M Infantry Battalion:
  4 20mm AA/AT guns
  1 8mm AA MG
  10 MG's
  11 47mm Mortars
  6 80mm Mortars
  11 AT Rifles
  149 SMG's
  92 Automatic Rifles
Note that there was no regimentals guns as was common in other armies of the period. The high numbers of mortars in the regiment was a way to get more firepower to the units. The regimental mortar platoon was of good quality and had well trained forward observers.

The Artillery

The Artillery Regiments had three Artilleri Div of three batteries each. Number of Artilleri Div. is listed below:

       75mm  75mm     75mm  105mm How.  105mm How. 105mm How. 150mm How.  70mm     105mm How. 105mm How.   Total guns
       m/02  m/02-33  m/40   m/10         m/39       m/40       m/06      m/02-10    m/39        m/40     and How. Div.

1937    5      5       -       6           -           -         4          1         -            -           21
1941    7      8       3       8           -           2         2          1         -            -           31
1943M   1      6       3       6           3          14         -          -         4            2           39
Karsartilleri Divisjon was an independent unit. Number of Karsartilleri Div. is listed below:
       105mm  105mm  105mm  150mm  150mm  Stormartilleri  Total Div.
        m/17  m/34   m/39   m/38   m/39    (Assault gun)

1937    1      2      -      1      -           -            4
1941    -      4      1      1      2           -            8
1943M   -      4      1      1      6           1           12 + 1 Assault gun*
m/02 =3D Model 1902, m/02-33 Model 1902 modified 1933.

*CDK m/41 modified to take a 105mm gun

Swedish artillery guns and how.

Piece                 Calibre  Barrel   Proj.wt.  Muz.vel.  max elev. max range  weight  
                        cm    calibres    kg        m/s      degree      km        kg                         

Light guns                                                                     
8,4 cm kanon m/1881     8,4     24,6      6,72      470        21        6,0       997                                
7,5 cm kanon m/1902     7,5     27        6,5       500        16        5,5       970                                
7,5 cm kanon m/1902/33  7,5     27        6,6       496        43        10,0     1400 
                        50 deg. sideways aim.                   

Light howitzers                                                                
10,5 cm haubits m/1910  10,5    14,1     14,6       293        43        5,8      1100                                
10,5 cm haubits m/1940  10,5    18,4     15,5       449        45        10,5     1760                                

Heavy guns                                                                     
12 cm kanon m/1885      11,7    28,5     16,8       475        35        8,6      2485                               
10,5 cm kanon m/1917    10,5    32,3     18,2       590        45        11,2     2755                                
10,5 cm kanon m/1939    10,5    39,9     15,5       785        65        17,2     4000                                

Heavy Howitzers  
16 cm haubits m/1885    15,5    10,8     32,2       276        35        5,5      2670                               
15 cm haubits m/1906    14,91   12,1     41         300        43        6,7      2150                               
15 cm haubits m/1939    14,91   23       41,5       580        65        14,6     5630                               
21 cm haubits m/1917    21,0?   ?        120         ?         ?         10,0     a lot      
                        Replaced by the m/39.   

Air Defence

Most of the AA units were static. In 1939 Swedens Air Defence could field 76 75mm AA guns (24 of old design) 154 40mm Bofors AA guns and 78 searchlights. There were four mobile AA Batteries, each of 4 40mm Bofors guns and four Autocannon troops of 2 40mm guns.

In 1942 the Army took over its air defence, raising seven AA regiments from Lv1 to Lv7, 4 batt. of 7,5mm AA guns and one Company of Autocannons, 40mm Bofors or 20mm guns.

At the same time each Division got one Autocannon Company with 40mm and 20mm guns and each Infantry Battalion a platoon of 4 20mm Bofors Lv/Pv m/40 AA/AT guns. The Regiment also got one such platoon issued to its 14.Kompanie. They were issued with tripods for AA role.

In 1944 the army could field 9 75mm AA guns, 273 40mm Bofors guns and 361 20mm guns.

The Cavalry

The Cavalry Brigade in 1940 was made up from a Brigade HQ and three motorized Battalions, one from each of the southern cavalry regiments, K1 from Stocholm, K2 from Helsingborg and K3 from Skovde. Each Battalion had 1 Squadron of armoured cars and two Squadrons of truck motorized cavalry.

The Armoured Car Squadron had only one troop of three Panserbil m/31 in 1940. Some were fitted with 37mm guns. This was later replaced with the Panserbil m/40 Lynx.

1940 Cavalry Battalion

  HQ (Motorized)
  1 Armoured Car Squadron, Panserbil m/31, later m/40
  1 Cavalry Squadron (Mounted)
  1 Bicycle Squadron (in winter converted to regular cavalry)

The Armoured formations

1942 Armoured Brigade

   Brigade HQ

   Armoured signal company

   I. Tank Bat.
       3 light tank companies*
       1 heavy tank company
       1 repare company

  II. Tank Bat. same

  III. Tank Bat. same

  1 Motorcycle company

  Artillery Div. (105mm How.)

  Automatic AA company (20mm AA)

  Engeneer company

  Supply Company
*In 1941 a light tank company had three platoons of four Stridsvagn m/37 and one Stridsvagn m/40

Strength: 6500 men 105 light tanks: Stridsvagn m/21-29, 9,5 ton max speed 18kmh, 2mgs, crew 4 men or Sridsvagn m/40 9,5 ton, max speed 45kmh, 37mm gun and 2 mgs, crew 3 men. 76 heavy tanks: Stidsvagn m/42, 22,5 ton, max speed 45kmh, 75mm gun 4mgs, crew 4 men. 6 75mm AT guns 6 37mm AT guns 12 20mm AA guns c. 1000 other motor vehicles, trucks etc. In 1941 a light tank company had three platoons of four Stridsvagn m/37 and one Stridsvagn m/40

Notes on Armoured units:

Tanks in Swedish service: (numbers are tanks issued)
       CDK m/37    Landsverk m/38   Landsverk m/39   Landsverk m/40  CDK m/41*   Landsverk m/42

1939      48            16               -                  -            -           - 
1940       -            -                20                 -            -           -
1941       -            -                -                  -            -           -
1942       -            -                -                 100           -           -
1943       -            -                -                  -            -           -
1944       -            -                -                  80          220**       282
1945       -            -                -                  -            -           - 
Total     48            16               20                180          220         282
In 1945 Tank streinght is reported 766 tanks of all types.
*Pz 38t
**18 convertet to assault guns with 105mm guns. See Karsartilleri units above.
Tanks producted by Landsverk, Volvo, Scania Vabis and Karlstad Factory.
CDK =3D Ceskomaravska-Kolben-Danek in Prag.

Notes on uniforms:

As most Europian armies at the start of the century Sweden adopted drab-coulered service uniforms. The 1906 uniform was of light blue-grey coulor with dark blue collar, sleeve chevrons and trouser stripes. A light and dark blue tricon hat in the style of the 18th century was a distinctive feature of thes uniform. In 1910 it was modified with dark blue shoulder straps with regimental number in arms-of-service colours; Yellow for infantry, red for artillery and white for cavalry. This uniform was still being used in 1940 by members of the home guard.

A new service uniform was ordered in 1923. It took a long time for it to replace the 1910 uniform for general use. The cloth in this uniform was a mixture of brown, grey and green, the brown being predominating. In 1937 it was modified with a stand and fall collar, replacing the orginal uppright collar. These two versions were in use uring the first years of the Second World War. Rolled up trouser bottoms was a common feature of these uniforms.

In 1938 a modern type uniform (with anklets) was introducted. It was of grey-green cloth similar to German uniforms of the time. In 1945 the army had changed to the 1939 uniform.

The Swedish steel helmet was from 1918. There were also m/27 and m/37 helmets of more modern design. It was painted gray brown and often had the blue and yellow national emblem on the side.

Brown leather belts and ammunition pouches were in use trough out the period.

Sources:

1) Svergies Militara Bedredskap 1939-1945, Militarhistoriska forlaget, Militarhogskolan 1982. ISBN 91-85266-20-5
2) Nar-Var-hur, Aktuell Uppslagsbok 1945, Ahlen & Akerlund 1944.
3) Svensk Upplsagsbok, Forlagshuset Nordens Boktryckeri, Malmo 1960.
4) Fran Brunkeberg till Nordanvind, 500 ar med svenskt infanteri. ISBN 91-87184-23-0
5) The Swedish Army, Ronald Kidd, Military Modeling Vol.15 No.11, November 1985.
6) Svensk arm=E9materiel under 350 ar, B Holmquist, 1980, ISBN: 91-38-05559-7.
7) Det svenska kavalleriet, H. Leche, Stockholm 1979, ISBN 91-1-793452-4.
8) Svenska artilleriet förr och nu, Stockholm 1944.
Corespondance with Robert Mackenzie, Olle Petersson and Sigvaldi Eggertsson.


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