Finnish Armoured Vehicles - 1918 Onwards

- Janne Kemppi jkemppi@raita.oulu.fi

Austin Model 1917 (United Kingdom)
1 in use. War booty from Civil War. In use until 1920's.

Izhorskij-Fiat (Russia)
2 in use. War booty from Civil War. In use until 1920's.

Renault F.T. Modele 1917 (France)
34 in use. 32 bought in 1919 and 2 more in 1921. 15 were armed with gun and 19 with machinegun. Machineguns were changed in 1937 to Maxim's. Last vehicles were phased out in 1942.

Saint-Chamond Medele 1921 (France)
1 bought for tests in 1923. Techically total failure and pahsed out in 1937.

Vicker-Carden-Loyd Mk VI (United Kingdom)
1 bought for tests in 1933. It was in use until 1941.

Vickers-Carden-Loyd Model 1933 (United Kingdom)
1 bought for tests in 1933. It was in training use until 1943.

Vickers-Carden-Loyd Model 1931 (United Kingdom)
1 bought for tests in 1933 and returned back to UK in 1934.

Landsverk 182 (Sweden)
1 armoured car bought in 1936 and was in use until beginning of Continuation War.

Vickers-Armstrongs 6 ton tank, Type B (United Kingdom)
1 bought for trials in 1933. Tank was chosen for next MBT.

Vickers-Armstrongs 6 ton tank, Type E (United Kingdom)
32 bought in 1938 and 1939. Tanks were armed in Finland with 37mm Puteaux cannons but during Winter War they were rearmed to 37mm Bofors cannons. Finally they were rearmed in 1940 with 45mm Soviet cannons.

T-26 m 1931 (USSR)
14 was got as war booty in Winter War and Continuation War. They were later rearmed as cannon tanks or scrapped in 1945.

OT-26 (USSR)
2 was got war booty in Winter War. They were in training use and phased out in 1943 and 1945.

T-26 m 1933 (USSR)
61 was got war booty in Winter War and Continuation War. They were in use until 1961.

OT-130 (USSR)
4 was got as war booty in Winter War and Continuation War but in 1942 and 1943 were changed to cannon armed T-26 tanks (called T-26(OT-130)).

T-26 m 1937 (USSR)
15 were got as war booty in Winter War (m 1937) and Continuation War (m 1939). They were in use until 1961.

OT-133 (USSR)
3 were got as war booty in Continuation War. They were armed with cannons in 1942 (and called T-26(OT-133)).

T-26T (USSR)
2 were got as war booty and 5 were changed from other T-26 vehicles for driving training use.

D-8 (USSR)
1 was got as war booty in Winter War. It was phased out in 1943.

FAI, FAI-M and BA-20M (USSR)
21 were got as war booty in Winter War and Continuation War.

BA-3, BA-6 and BA-10 (USSR)
28 were got as war booty in Winter War and Continuation War. They were in use until 1959.

BA-10N (USSR/Finland)
1 crane vehicle was changed from Soviet armoured car in 1962 and it was in use until 1978.

T-37 (USSR)
30 were got as war booty in Winter War and Continuation War. Last were phased out in 1944.

T-38 and T-38M-2 (USSR)
18 were got as war booty in Winter War and Continuation War. Last were phased out in 1945.

T-38-34 and T-38-KV (USSR/Finland)
15 old T-38 tanks were changed to target tanks for antitank training. They were in use from 1944 to 1961.

A-20 Komsomolets m 1937 and m 1939 (USSR)
At least 202 were got as war booty and used mainly to draw anti-tank guns between 1940 and 1961.

T-28 m 1938 and T-28E (USSR)
2 were captured as war booty in Winter War and 5 in Continuation War. M 1938 models were uparmoured in Finland according to Soviet model (T-28E). They were in use until 1945.

T-28V (USSR/Finland)
In 1944 one T-28 was changed to armoured recovery vehicle and it was phased out in 1951.

BT-5 m 1933 and m 1934 (USSR)
4 were war booty in Continuation War and were used in summer and autumn of 1941.

BT-7 m 1935 and m 1937 (USSR)
4 were war booty in Continuation War and were used until phased out in spring 1942.

BT-42 (USSR/Finland)
In Autumn 1942 some BT-7 tanks were changed to assault guns by changing the turret and arming them with 114mm howitzers. total of 18 were changed and it was in use until 1944.

T-34/76 (USSR)
4 were got as war booty in Continuation War in 1941 and 1942. 3 more were bought from Germany in 1944. They were in use until 1961. Tank was named "Sotka" (a duck like bird) in Finland.

T-34/85 (USSR)
7 were got as war booty in Continuation War in Summer 1944 battles and were in use until 1962.

T-50 (USSR)
1 was got as war booty in Continuation War and used in 1942 to 1944.

KV-1E m 1940 "Klim Voroshilov" (USSR)
1 Was got as war booty in Continuation War and used from 1942 to 1945.

KV-1 m 1942 "Klim Voroshilov" (USSR)
1 Was got as war booty in Continuation War and used from 1942 to 1945.

Landsverk Anti II (Sweden)
6 were bought in 1942 and were use until 1966.

Sturmgeschutz 40 Ausf G (Germany)
30 were bought in 1943 and 29 in 1944. They were in use from 1943 to 1959.

Sturmgeschutz 40 K (Germany)
2 Stu-40 were used for driver training from 1944 to 1959.

Panzerkampfwagen IV Ausf J (Germany)
15 were bought in 1944 and they were in use until 1962.

ISU-152 (USSR)
2 were got as war booty in 1944. One was taken into use immediately and lost three days later another was dragged to rear for repairs.

ISU-152V (USSR)
Last ISU-152 was changed to recovery vehicle by removing its cannon. It was inuse from 1944 to 1962.

Charioteer Mk VII Model B (United Kingdom)
3 were bought for tests in 1958 and 1960 35 more were bought. They were in use until 1979.

Comet Mk I Model B (United Kingdom)
1 was bought for tests in 1960 and in 1961 40 more were bought. They were in use until 1970.

T-54 (USSR)
In use from 1959 onwards. Some are equipped with KMT-5M mine clearing equipment.

T-55 (USSR) and T-55M (USSR/Finland)
In use from 1966 onwards. Some are equipped with dozer blade. Also command version (T-55K) is in use. Finland modernised its T-55 into T-55M's in 1989.

T-72M1 (USSR)
In use from 1984 onwards. At least 100 more bought from Germany in 1990's. Finland intends modernize them in future. T-72M1K command version also in use.

PT-76 (USSR)
In use from 1963 onwards.

BTR-50PK (USSR)
In use from 1963 onwards. There is also BTR-50PU Command version in use and Finland has upgraded BTR-50PU to BTR-5-PUM standard 1985 onwards.

BTR-60PA (USSR)
In use from 1966 to 1988. Some are equipped as command vehicles by adding radios and other speacial equipment in 1974.

BTR-60PB (USSR)
In use from 1971. Finland has made its own command version (PTR-60BPK) in 1985 onwards. South East Finland jeger brigades use them in war time (in 1990's).

BTR-60PU (USSR)
In use from 1983 onwards. Soviet command version of BTR-60PB.

VK (Finland)
1 test vehicle produced as prototype vehicle for Finnish UN forces. It was in use from 1977 and phased out in 1987.

Valmet 1912-6 (Finland) (Psajon 84)
At least one APC prototype produced in 1983.

Sisu XA-180 SA (Finland) (Psajon 83)
First Finnish produced APC in serial production. In use from 1983 onwards. In 1989 onwards they were uparmed with 12.7mm anti-aircraft machinegun. It is called "Pasi" in Finland. There is also a version for UN forces called Sisu XA-180 YK (Psajon 83 YK) with better air condition system (vital in Lebanon).

BMP-1 (USSR)
In use from 1981 onwards. There is also BMP-1K command version in use.

BMP-2 (USSR)
In use from 1988 onwards.

MT-LB (USSR)
In use from 1984 onwards. Finns have also used MT-LBV APC that is similar to MT-LB but it has wider tracks. Finland also produced a prototype that was in tests in 1987-1989. It was artillery fire control vehicle called MT-LB TJ.

ZSU-57-2 (USSR)
In use from 1960 onwards. Used by (second line) independent tank battalions in 1990's.

ItPsv Marksman (USSR/Finland/United Kingdom)
In use in 1990's. Twin 35mm anti-tank guns on T-54 vehicle.

ItPsv Crotale NG (Finland/France)
In use at 1990's. Crotale NG anti-aircraft missile system on Finnish XA-180 Sisu vehicle.

BTS-2 (USSR)
In use from 1971 onwards. A recovery vehicle.

KAM-1 (USSR/Finland)
A prototype of T-54 changed to crane and recovery vehicle has been in use from 1984 onwards.

KAM-2 (USSR/Finland)
A prototype of T-54 changed to armed recovery vehicle in use from 1986 onwards.

MTU-20 (USSR)
In use from 1971 onwards. A bridge tank.

AT-S (USSR)
Artillery towing vehicle in use from 1960 onwards.

ATS-59 (USSR)
Artillery towing vehicle in use from 1965 onwards.

GT-SM (USSR)
Swimming tracked truck that was in use between 1971 to 1987.

MAZ-537G and TshMZAP-5247G(USSR)
Tank transportation vehicles that have been on use from 1971 onwards.


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